Sources for “Euripides, Eumenides” podcast

Transparency regarding the sources used for resarch is incredibly important to “Euripides, Eumenides: A Theatre History Podcast.” So below, you will find a list of all sources used to research each episode.

Also, for anyone using this show for research purposes, one of my listeners directed me to another useful website for any of you doing research to determine the legitimacy of the sites you search, try this one: 5 Free Online Plagiarism Checkers – Which Works in 2023

Episode 89: Ivor Novello in Prison

Callow, Simon. “Ivor Novello, Master of the Musical.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 3 Aug. 2012,

Editors. “Conscription: The First World War – UK Parliament.” UK Parliament, Accessed 6 June 2024. 

Hall, Sophia, and Sophia Alexandra Hall. “Poignant Opera about Ivor Novello Controversially Scrapped by His Former Prison, with Four Days Notice.” Classic FM, Classic FM, 7 Sept. 2023,

James, Mary Auronwy. “Novello, Ivor (David Ivor Davies till 1927; 1893 – 1951), Composer, Playwright, Stage and Film Actor.” Dictionary of Welsh Biography, 2001,

Minney, Nicola. “How Did Rationing Work in the Second World War?” The MERL, 12 July 2022,

Morley, Sheridan. “A Composer Goes to Wormwood.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts. Robson Books, London, UK, 2006, pp. 72-74.

Norton, Richard C. “Coward & Novello.” Operetta Research Center, 9 May 2020,

Tatna, Meher. “Forgotten Hollywood: Ivor Novello.” Golden Globes, 22 Mar. 2021,

Episode 88: The Old Price Riots of 1809

Awcock, Hannah. “On This Day: The Old Price Riots, 18th September 1809.” Turbulent Isles, 26 Sept. 2022,

Battlescarred. “The Old Price Riots.” Anarchist Communist Group, 13 June 2023,

Morton, Ella. “What It Actually Means to ‘read the Riot Act’ to Someone.” Atlas Obscura, Atlas Obscura, 10 Apr. 2024,   

Mulhallen, Jacqueline. “The Old Price Riots of 1809: Theatre, Class and Popular Protest.” Counterfire, 25 Mar. 2021,

Robinson, Terry F. “Terry F. Robinson, ‘National Theatre in Transition: The London Patent Theatre Fires of 1808-1809 and the Old Price Riots.’” BRANCH, Mar. 2016,

Wilde, Robert. “Britain’s Loss in the American Revolution Did Little Harm to Its Power.” ThoughtCo, ThoughtCo, 23 June 2019, 

Episode 87: Theatre Audience Etiquette Throughout the Years

Associated Press, The. “Hugh Jackman Stops Show as Phone Rings.” The Hollywood Reporter, The Hollywood Reporter, 28 Sep. 2009,

Clark, Lenore. “Theatre Etiquette Debate: Part 1.” Lenore Clark, 23 Mar. 2021,

Factora, James. “The Lauren Boebert ‘Beetlejuice’ Controversy, Explained.” Them, Them., 19 Sept. 2023,

Fierberg, Ruthie. “15 Pieces of Theatre Etiquette.” Playbill, 14 Apr. 2016,

Jamooji, Shireen. “Rotten Ratings: Why Were Tomatoes Thrown at Bad Actors?” Slurrp, 1 Feb. 2023,

Lee, Ashley. “‘Hand to God’ Performance Interrupted as Theatergoer Tries to Charge Phone Onstage.” The Hollywood Reporter, The Hollywood Reporter, 10 July 2015,

Paulson, Michael, and Michael Cooper. “Filming the Show: Pardon the Intrusion? Or Punish It?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 6 Oct. 2019,

Roberts, Maddy Shaw. “After Phone Filming Controversy, Violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter Issues Plea to ‘Keep Live Moments Sacrosanct.’” Classic FM, Classic FM, 21 Oct. 2019,

The Week Staff. “Much Ado about Clapping: When Is It Wrong to Applaud?” Theweek, The Week, 8 July 2014,

Episodes 85 & 86: “Death of a Salesman” and Playing Willy Loman on Broadway, Pts. 1 & 2

Barnes, Clive. “Scott Puts Acting Magic in ’ Salesman’.” The New York Times, 27 June 1975,

Brantley, Ben. “American Dreamer, Ambushed by the Territory.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 16 Mar. 2012,

Brantley, Ben. “Review: Arthur Miller’s Dying ‘salesman’ Is Reborn in London.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 2 Jan. 2020,

Clurman, Harold. “Harold Clurman Reviews ‘Death of a Salesman.’” The New Republic, 11 May 2021,

Coleman, Ben. “A Lineage of Lomans.” Medium, Breaking Character, 11 Apr. 2018,

Finkle, David. “Death of a Salesman: Brian Dennehy Is the Unforgettable Forgotten Man.” New York Stage Review, 22 Oct. 2020,

Rich, Frank. “Theater: Hoffman, ‘Death of Salesman.’” The New York Times, 30 Mar. 1984,

Russo, Gillian. “The History of ‘Death of a Salesman’ on Broadway.” New York Theatre Guide, New York Theatre Guide, 23 Jan. 2024,

Soloski, Alexis. “Wendell Pierce Fulfills His American Dream: Playing Willy Loman.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 28 Sept. 2022,

Episode 84: Play Spotlight – “The Homecoming” by Harold Pinter

Borreca, Art. “Harold Pinter.” The Norton Anthology of Drama, 2nd ed., vol. 2, W. W. Norton and Company, New York, NY, 2014, pp. 1092–1097. 

Nelson, Hugh. “The Homecoming: Kith And Kin.” Modern British dramatists: A collection of critical essays. Ed. John Russell Brown. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1968

Powlick, Leonard. “‘What the Hell Is That All About?’: A Peek at Pinter’s Dramaturgy.” Ed. Steven H. Gale. Harold Pinter: Critical Approaches. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1986. 30-37.

Episode 83: “Chimes at Midnight” – Orson Welles and Falstaff

Bogaev, Barbara. “Orson Welles and Shakespeare.” Folger Shakespeare Library, 23 Jan. 2018,

Brody, Richard. “Orson Welles’s Mighty ‘Chimes at Midnight.’” The New Yorker, The New Yorker, 8 Jan. 2016,

Shakespeare on Film: Chimes At Midnight, Orson Welles.” Youtube, uploaded by UCTV, 18 Mar 2018

Episode 82: Actor-Managers in the UK

Contributors to Penny’s Poetry Pages Wiki. “Colley Cibber.” Penny’s Poetry Pages Wiki, Fandom, Inc., Accessed 1 Mar. 2024. 

Dick, Mo B. “1815 – 1854 Madame Vestris.” Drag King History, 25 Feb. 2020,

Editors. “The Great Actor Managers and Their Touring Companies.” Look and Learn: History Picture Archive, 21 Mar. 2013,

Hart, Eric. “Medieval Theatre and Trade Guilds.” Prop Agenda, 15 Feb. 2010,

Walker, Regan. “The Theaters of Regency London.” Regency Fiction Writers, 11 Feb. 2013,

Wilkinson, Chris. “Whatever Happened to the Actor-Manager?” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 16 July 2008,

Wilson, Edwin, and Alvin Goldfarb. Living Theatre: History of Theatre. 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2012.

Episode 79: Women on the British Restoration Stage

“Anne Oldfield.” Anne Oldfield :: People :: Grub Street Project, Accessed 19 Jan. 2024

Davison, Anita. “Margaret [Peg] Hughes Prince Rupert’s Last Love.” Margaret [Peg] Hughes Prince Rupert’s Last Love, 24 Aug. 2014,

Maust, Paula. “Notorious Strumpets on the English Restoration Stage.” Early Music America, Sept. 2020,

Miyoshi, Riki. “A Tale of Two Theatres: Theatrical Rivalry between the King’s Company and the Duke’s Company, 1668-1672.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700, vol. 40, no. 1, 2016, pp. 25–44. JSTOR, Accessed 20 Jan. 2024

Steinway, Elizabeth. “Why Weren’t Women Allowed to Act in Shakespeare’s Plays?” The Conversation, 23 Nov. 2022,

Wilcox, Zoe. “Who Was the First Shakespearean Actress? – English and Drama Blog.” British Library, 7 May 2016,

Wilson, Edwin, and Alvin Goldfarb. Living Theatre: History of Theatre. 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2012. 

“Women in Restoration Theatre.” Women In Restoration Theatre, 22 Apr. 2010,

Ziegler, Georgianna. “The First English Actresses.” Folger Shakespeare Library, 22 Jan. 2019,

Episode 78: Shakespeare Adapted – Romeo and Juliet

Bell, John Michael. “How Not to Adapt ‘Romeo and Juliet.’” Talking Writing, 17 Oct. 2013,

McDonald, Soraya Nadia. “Retellings of ‘Romeo and Juliet,’ Ranked – The Washington Post.” The Washington Post, 20 Mar. 2015,

“The Great ‘west Side Story’ Debate.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 1 Dec. 2021,

Episode 77: “All Play and No Work” – The Comic Plays of the Federal Theatre Project

Gagliardi, Paul. All Play and No Work: American Work Ideals and the Comic Plays of the Federal Theatre Project. Temple University Press, 2023.

Episode 76: King Kong – The Musical

Coates, Charlotte. “Creature Technology Co.. the Secret to Creating Award-Winning Animatronics.” Blooloop, 12 Apr. 2023,,Train%20Your%20Dragon%20for%20DreamWorks.

Frost, Vicky. “King Kong – Review.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 16 June 2013,

Hetrick, Adam. “King Kong Musical May Conquer Broadway Next.” Playbill, 26 June 2013,

Lambert, Catherine. “Australian Musical Moulin Rouge Makes Tony Awards History.” The Sydney Morning Herald, The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 Sept. 2021,

Miller, Mark J. “Effects Play Lead Role on Broadway in King Kong.” VFX Voice Magazine, 20 Mar. 2019,

Soloski, Alexis. “King Kong Review – Broadway Kills the Beast in Monstrously Bad Musical.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 9 Nov. 2018,

“The Wild History of the 2,000 Pound King Kong Puppet” Youtube, uploaded by Wait in the Wings, 21 Oct. 2023,

Episode 75: The Seattle Federal Theatre Project and “Spirochete”

Anthony, Dave, and Gareth Reynolds. “163 – Syphilis in America.” The Dollop, All Things Comedy Network, 26 Mar.. 201,—syphilis-in-america

Bennington-Castro, Joseph. “How AIDS Remained an Unspoken-but Deadly-Epidemic for Years.” History.Com, A&E Television Networks, 22 Aug. 2023,

Brown, Lorraine. “Federal Theatre: Melodrama, Social Protest, and Genius.” The Library of Congress,,business%20from%20the%20commercial%20theater. Accessed 25 Nov. 2023. 

Gilbey, Ryan. “‘Howling Anger’: How Angels in America and the Normal Heart Confronted the Aids Crisis.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 5 Apr. 2021,

Guthu, Sarah. “Living Newspapers: Spirochete.” Living Newspapers: Spirochete – Great Depression Project,,made%20on%20any%20other%20production. Accessed 19 Nov. 2023.

Kenrick, John. “AIDS and Beyond.” Gays & Musicals 8: AIDS and Beyond, Accessed 24 Nov. 2023. 

Loerzel, Robert. “How a Government Agency Ended up Responsible for Swing Mikado, among Others.” Playbill, 16 July 2017,

Staff Writers. “Who Was Ryan White?” Who Was Ryan White? | Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, Accessed 24 Nov. 2023. 

Episode 74: Broadway Street Performers

Dobija-Nootens, Nic. “Don’t Send in the Clowns: Mime Isn’t Dead, It’s Just Quiet.” Hyperallergic, 9 Jan. 2016,

Italiano, Laura. “Anti-Semitic ‘Elmo’ Indicted for Allegedly Trying to Extort Girl Scouts for $2 Million.” New York Post, New York Post, 5 June 2013,

Kirby, Doug, et al. “The Naked Cowboy, New York, New York.” RoadsideAmerica.Com, Accessed 13 Oct. 2023.

Larson, Amy. “San Francisco’s ‘evil Elmo’ Is Back, This Time as Cookie Monster in Santa Cruz.” KRON4, KRON4, 22 Feb. 2023,

Mandell, Jonathan. “Weirdest Theater Stories of the Decade. #stageworthy News of the Week.” New York Theater, 30 Dec. 2019,

Marsh, Julia. “Times Square Rant Bigot Elmo Says Groping Isn’t His Character Flaw.” New York Post, New York Post, 27 Aug. 2013,

Powers, Jenny. “The Naked Cowboy Exposed: A Day in the Life of Times Square’s Most Famous One-Man-Show.” Roadtrippers, 17 Mar. 2023,

Walker, Colleen. “A Brief History of Busking.” Savage Content, Savage Content, 5 Dec. 2022,

“Why So Angry, German Theater?: Crash Course Theatre #27.” Youtube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 24 Aug. 2018,

Episode 73: Bernardine and “Lady Precious Stream”

Blumberg-Kason, Susan. Bernardine’s Shanghai Salon: The Story of the Doyenne of Old China. Post Hill Press, 2023.

Episode 72: Replay – Laura Keene

Anthony, Dave, Gareth Reynolds with guest Patton Oswalt.  “Boston Corbett.” The Dollop, Apple Podcasts, 23 Sept. 2015, All Things Comedy Network,—boston-corbett—live-with-patton-oswalt

Laura Keene. (2014, April 17). Retrieved March 12, 2021, from

McCarthy, Maureen. “Laura Keene.” Lighting the Way, Historic Women of the SouthCoast, 13 Feb. 2020,

Mead, Amanda V., and Rita Vigil.  “THEATRE MANAGER & ACTIVIST: Laura Keene & Rigoberto Menchú Tum.” I Don’t Know Her, Apple Podcasts, 25 Nov. 2019,

O’Reilly, Bill, and Martin Dugard. Killing Lincoln. Macmillan, 2011.

Rubenstein, Harry R. 2013. “A Night with Laura Keene.” In Smithsonian Civil War: Inside the National Collection. Kagan, Neil and Hyslop, Stephen G., editors. 312–313. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books.

Steers, Edward. Blood on the Moon. University Press of Kentucky, 2005. 

Episode 71: Is “Cats” Any Good?

Andrew Lloyd Webber on The Origins of Cats | Backstage at Cats The Musical” YouTube, uploaded by The Shows Must Go On!, 10 May 2021,

Barone, Joshua. “‘Cats’: What to Know before You See It.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 18 Dec. 2019,

Bruner, Raisa. “Cats Movie Musical: The History of the Beloved Broadway Play.” Time, 30 Apr. 2021,

Dvornik, Teale. “Theatre History: Cats.” The Backstage Blonde, The Backstage Blonde, 11 Feb. 2018,

Gutierrez, Katie. “Cats the Musical: A Brief History.” Brightstarmusical.Com, 6 Oct. 2022,

Hal, It’s About Cats.” YouTube, uploaded by Stealing Focus (Emily Clark), 17 July 2019,

Lee, Chris. “Cats Flopped and Then Things Got Interesting.” Vulture, 28 Jan. 2020,

Leishman, Rachel. “‘Cats’ Movie Hated by Andrew Lloyd Webber so Much He Bought a Therapy Dog.” Collider, 6 Oct. 2021,

Rich, Frank. “Theater: Lloyd Webber’s ‘Cats.’” The New York Times, The New York Times, 8 Oct. 1982,  

Riedel, Michael. “How ‘Cats’ Was Purrfected.” New York Post, New York Post, 21 Nov. 2012,

Riedel, Michael. “Thanks to ‘Cats,’ Theater Souvenirs Are Now and Forever!” New York Post, New York Post, 3 Aug. 2016,

Simon, John. “Looking Back at John Simon’s Positive 1982 Review of Cats.” Vulture, 4 Dec. 2019,

Wloszczyna, Susan. “Tom Hooper ‘confused’ by Criticism of ‘Les Mis.’” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 25 Jan. 2013,

Episode 70: The Real Rex Harrison

Hargreaves, Eilidh. “What Really Happened during Rehearsals for My Fair Lady: How Boiling Tensions and British Stars Broke Broadway Records.” Tatler, Tatler, 29 Mar. 2022,

Henman, Samantha. “Deliciously Low Facts about Rex Harrison, the Fatal Charmer.” Factinate, 13 Oct. 2020,

Kyriazis, Stefan. “‘Appalling’ Rex Harrison Wanted ‘That B**Ch’ Julie Andrews Fired.” Express.Co.Uk, 5 Mar. 2023,

Laite, Dixie. “The Scandalous Suicide of Hollywood’s Carole Landis.” Dametown, 4 Nov. 2018,

Leathers, Samantha. “Dame Julie Andrews’ My Fair Lady Snub Led to Actress’ First Oscar.” Express.Co.Uk, 2 Oct. 2022,

Livingston, Nancy Olson. “A Front-Row Seat to the Making of My Fair Lady.” Vanity Fair, 27 Sept. 2022,

Mancini, Mark. “15 Loverly Facts about ‘My Fair Lady.’” Mental Floss, Mental Floss, 15 Mar. 2016,

Morley, Sheridan. “Rex Harrison Loses His Rag.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts. Robson Books, London, UK, 2006, pp. 115-117.

Episode 69: Broadway Actors or Game Show Hosts?

Associated Press. “Bert Convy, 57, an Actor and Host of Television Game Shows, Dies.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 16 July 1991,

Bartiromo, Michael. “The Original Host of ‘Jeopardy!’ Had a Big Problem with How the Game Is Currently Played.” NEWS10 ABC, NEWS10 ABC, 6 Sept. 2021, Editors. “Groucho Marx.” Biography.Com, A&E Networks Television, 20 Apr. 2021,

Contributors to Mark Goodson Wiki. “Bobby Van.” Mark Goodson Wiki, Fandom, Inc., Accessed 2 Sept. 2023.

Coppedge, Clay. “Texas Marx the Spot.” Texas Co-Op Power, 1 Sept. 2008,

Deezen, Eddie. “Did Groucho Marx Really Say It- the Cigar Quip.” Today I Found Out, 6 Aug. 2013,

Fisher, Marc. “A Host of Questions: Art Fleming of Jeopardy!’.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 26 Apr. 1995,

Fraser, C. Gerald. “Larry Blyden, Actor on Stage, Screen and Television, 49, Dies.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 7 June 1975, editors. “Jeopardy’s First Host: Who Was Art Fleming?” Groovy History, 15 Jan. 2019,

Gross, Ed. “What Happened to Gene Rayburn? ‘Match Game’ Host Life.” Closer Weekly, 21 Apr. 2020,

Rhinewald, Shane. “A Brief History of Game Shows.” The Strong National Museum of Play, 2 June 2021,

Tomashoff, Craig. “The Secret(s) to Being a Successful Game Show Host.” The Hollywood Reporter, The Hollywood Reporter, 21 Feb. 2017,

Episodes 67 & 68: The Life and Death of Joe Orton, Pts. 1 & 2

Brown, Mark. “Library Books Defaced by Prankster Playwright Joe Orton Go on Show.” The Guardian, 11 Oct. 2011,

Buzwell, Greg. “Homosexuality, Censorship and British Drama during the 1950s and 1960s.” British Library, 11 June 2019,

Dryden, Steven. “A Short History of LGBT Rights in the UK.” British Library,

Frost, Natasha. “The Strange, Sad Story of Joe Orton, His Lover, and 72 Stolen Library Books.” Atlas Obscura, 9 Jan. 2018,

Lennon, Troy. “UK Playwright Joe Orton Was on the Cusp of Fame When He Was Bludgeoned …” Daily Telegraph, 8 Aug. 2017,

Morley, Sheridan. “Joe Orton’s Death.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts. Robson Books, London, UK, 2006, pp. 133-137.

Episode 66: The Master of Revels

Andrews, Evan. “The Gruesome Blood Sports of Shakespearean England.” History.Com, 30 Jan. 2017,

Bowley, Martin. “Masters of the Revels.” Counsel Magazine, 31 Dec. 2008,

Crandles, Lucas and Timothy Nash. “Master of the Revels: ‘Party Like It’s 1673.'” This Job is History, Wondery, 27 Feb. 2023,

Kastan, David Scott. A Companion to Shakespeare. Blackwell Publishing, 2000. 

Mabillard, Amanda. Shakespeare’s Boss: The Master of Revels Shakespeare Online. 20 Aug. 2000. Accessed 19 July 2023

Staff Writer. “Master of the Revels.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 19 July 2023. 

Wilkinson, Sarah. “The History of the Revels Office.” Museum of the Order of St John, 31 Mar. 2020,

Episode 65: Play Spotlight – The Clouds

Brassel, Kate. “Historical Context of Aristophanes’ Clouds.” Historical Context of Aristophanes’ Clouds | The Core Curriculum, Accessed 8 July 2023.

Corrigan, Robert W., and Donald Sutherland. “Aristophanes and the Scope of Comedy.” Classical Comedy: Greek and Roman, Applause Theatre Book Publishers, New York, NY, 1992, pp. 1–9.

Plays of the Greek Dramatists: Selections From Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes. Caxton House, inc, 1946.

Episode 64: The Unfortunate Life of Thomas Kyd

Betten, Francis S. “The Tudor Queens: A Comparison.” The Catholic Historical Review, vol. 17, no. 2, 1931, pp. 187–93. JSTOR, Accessed 20 June 2023.

Cutts, David. “Writing and Revenge: The Struggle for Authority in Thomas Kyd’s The Spanish Tragedy.” Explorations in Renaissance Culture 22 (1996): 147-148.

Morley, Sheridan. “Thomas Kyd and The Bridewell.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts. Robson Books, London, UK, 2006, pp. 10-13.

Mulryne, J.R. “Kyd, Thomas (Bap. 1558, d. 1594), Playwright and Translator.” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 23 Sept. 2004,

Riggs, David. “A Fine Mustery – the Killing of Christopher Marlowe | Much Ado about Something | Frontline.” PBS, Accessed 20 June 2023. 

“The Spanish Tragedy.” Encyclopedia.Com, 20 June 2023,,the%20sixteenth%20century%20and%20beyond

Tikkanen, Amy. “Church of England.” Encyclopædia Britannica, 10 May 2023,

Episode 63: Lazarus – The David Bowie Musical

Adams, Char. “David Bowie’s Final Public Appearance before Death.” People Magazine, 11 Jan. 2016,

Bonner, Michael. “Read Tony Visconti’s Tribute to David Bowie.” UNCUT, 11 Jan. 2016,

Brantley, Ben. “Review: David Bowie Songs and a Familiar Alien in ‘Lazarus.’” The New York Times, 8 Dec. 2015,

David Bowie: The Last Five Years.  Directed by Francis Whately. BBC, 2017

Ellis-Petersen, Hannah. “David Bowie Did Not Know He Was Dying until Final Few Months.” The Guardian, 6 Jan. 2017,

Hiatt, Brian. “Director Ivo Van Hove on the Making of David Bowie’s ‘Lazarus’ Musical.” Rolling Stone, 9 Jan. 2021,

Jones, Josh. “David Bowie Dreamed of Turning George Orwell’s 1984 into A Musical: Hear the Songs That Survived the Abandoned Project.” Open Culture, 4 Apr. 2016,

Rogers, Jude. “The Final Mysteries of David Bowie’s Blackstar – Elvis, Crowley and ‘The Villa of Ormen.’” The Guardian, 21 Jan. 2016,

Ruddock, Martin. “The Final Act? ‘Lazarus: A Musical by David Bowie and Enda Walsh’ ” We Are Cult.” We Are Cult, 1 Nov. 2016,

Wiegand, Chris. “David Bowie’s Lazarus Musical Returns Five Years after His Death.” The Guardian, 5 Jan. 2021,

Episode 62: Maggie Smith v. Laurence Olivier

Coveney, Michael. Maggie Smith: A Biography. St. Martin’s Press, 2015

Fisher, Mark. “Stage of the Nation: What Does It Mean to Be a National Theatre?” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 15 Jan. 2019,

Hemming, Sarah. “Our History – National Theatre.” Our History – National Theatre,

Miller, Julie. “Maggie Smith Had No Patience for Laurence Olivier’s Diva Antics.” Vanity Fair, Vanity Fair, 25 Sept. 2018,

Morley, Sheridan. “The Big Match: Maggie Smith Versus Laurence Olivier.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts, Robson Books, London, UK, 2005, pp. 121-124

Episodes 60 & 61: Shakespeare Adapted – Hamlet, Pts. 1 & 2

Billington, Michael. “From Time Lord to Antic Prince: David Tennant Is the Best Hamlet in Years.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 5 Aug. 2008,

Bogaev, Barbara. “Adapting Shakespeare.” Folger Shakespeare Library: Shakespeare Unlimited. Folger Shakespeare Library, 3 May 2017,

Bogaev, Barbara. “Ian McKellen on Playing Hamlet.” Folger Shakespeare Library: Shakespeare Unlimited. Folger Shakespeare Library, 11 Oct. 2022,,production%20directed%20by%20Peter%20Schaufuss

Madia, Joey. “The Pros and Cons of Adapting a Classic.” Stage 32, Joey Madia, 25 Feb. 2020,

McCarrick, Michael. “Every Filmed Version of Hamlet Ranked, According to Critics.” CBR, 14 Mar. 2023,

Quinn, Ben. “Hamlet Reviews: In This Trial of Acting, Cumberbatch Emerges Victorious.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 26 Aug. 2015,

Stone, George Winchester. “Garrick’s Long Lost Alteration of Hamlet.” PMLA, vol. 49, no. 3, 1934, pp. 890–921. JSTOR, Accessed 27 Apr. 2023

Su, Minjie. “The Original Hamlet: The Story of Prince Amleth.”, 15 Nov. 2018,

Urquhart, Jeremy. “10 Best Movies That Adapt Shakespeare’s ‘Hamlet,’ Ranked by IMDB Score.” Collider, 4 Jan. 2023,—7-6-10

Episode 59: Funeral Clowns

Blazeski, Goran. “In Ancient Rome during Funerals, a Person Called an Archimime Would Walk behind the Deceased and Imitate the Person as If They Were Still Alive.” Thevintagenews, 23 June 2017,

Blog Contributor. “Archimimes: The Clown Funeral Impersonating the Dead.” Weird History Facts, 17 Aug. 2022, Accessed 10 Apr. 2023

Boissoneault, Lorraine. “When Actors Mixed Politics and Comedy in Ancient Rome.”, Smithsonian Institution, 24 Apr. 2017,

Colby, Christine. “It’s Okay to Giggle at the Clown Funeral.” Atlas Obscura, Atlas Obscura, 24 Feb. 2016,

Crandles, Lucas and Timothy Nash. “Funeral Clown: ‘To Die Laughing.'” This Job is History, Wondery, 14 Nov. 2022,

“Dances to Flute Music and Obscene Verse. It’s Roman Theater, Everybody: Crash Course Theater #5.” Youtube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 9 Mar. 2018,

Luzong, Allia. “The Weird Historical Jobs You Might Have Had If You Were Born in Ancient Rome.” A Little Bit Human | Mission-Driven Nerdiness, 10 Feb. 2023,

Episode 58: Debbie Does Dallas, The Musical

Hernandez, Ernio. “Debbie Does Dallas Does off-Broadway as Stageshow Opens, Oct. 29.” Playbill, 29 Oct. 2002,

Hernandez, Ernio. “Debbie Does Downtown: Perversion-Turned-Stage Version Plays at FringeNYC, Aug. 10-19.” Playbill, 10 Aug. 2001,

Murphy, Jim. “Debbie Does Dallas the Musical.” The Age, The Age, 18 Feb. 2005,

Murray, Matthew. “Talkin’ Broadway Off-Broadway – Debbie Does Dallas – 10/29/02.” Broadway, 29 Oct. 2002,

Permpithak, Nuttawut. “Debbie Does Dallas/Review.” Debbie Does Dallas/Review – The Grindhouse Cinema Database, 20 May 2020,

Zinoman, Jason. “Debbie’s Doing New York Now, but Rate Her PG.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 27 Oct. 2002,

Episodes 56 & 57: To Stream or Not to Stream, Pts. 1 & 2

Brownlow-Calkin, Rosie. “The Jury Is in on Virtual Theatre.” AMERICAN THEATRE, 8 Nov. 2021,

David, Cara Joy. “Is Streaming Theatre over?”, 28 Nov. 2022,

Janiak, Lily. “AEA/SAG-AFTRA Agreement Paves Way for Digital Theater Options Post-Pandemic.” Datebook, Datebook | San Francisco Arts & Entertainment Guide, 15 Dec. 2020,

Rine, Natalie. “Broadway Can Learn from South Korea’s Theatre Market during COVID-19.” OnStage Blog, OnStage Blog, 29 Apr. 2020,

Robb, David. “SAG-AFTRA & Actors’ Equity Extend Agreement over Taping of Live Stage Shows during Pandemic.” Deadline, Deadline, 4 Jan. 2022,

Vincentelli, Elisabeth. “As Venues Reopen, Will Streamed Theater Still Have a Place?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 18 Aug. 2021,

Vincentelli, Elisabeth. “No Theater? No Problem. Plays and Musicals Switch to Streaming.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 17 Mar. 2020,

Whitten, Sarah. “Putting ‘Hamilton’ on Disney+ Amplified Demand for the Broadway Show, Lin-Manuel Miranda Says.” CNBC, CNBC, 24 Nov. 2021,

Episode 55: The Origins of Peter Pan Editors. “J. M. Barrie Biography.”, A&E Networks Television, 26 Apr. 2021,

Heiden, Lynn. “Mary Ansell Actress, Her Family, Her Life.” Lynn’s Waffles, 17 July 2017, Accessed 10 Feb. 2023

Horan, Keri. “12 Peter Pan Origin Facts You (Probably) Didn’t Know.” Riveted, 15 June 2021,

Kettler, Sara. “7 Facts About ‘Peter Pan’ Author J.M. Barrie.”, A&E Networks Television, 2 Oct. 2020,

Morley, Sheridan. “The First Peter Pan.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts. Robson Books, London, UK, 2006, pp. 44-48

Moss, Charles. “The Surprisingly Morbid Origins of Peter Pan.” The Week, The Week, 8 Jan. 2015,

Staff Writer. “J.M. Barrie Seeks Divorce from Wife.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 7 Oct. 1909,

Staff Writer. “What Is the Real Story of Peter Pan?” Blackpool Grand Theatre, 21 Jan. 2020,,who%20inspired%20Barrie’s%20Lost%20Boys

Episode 54: Post-Mortem – KPOP, The Musical

Brantley, Ben. “Review: ‘KPOP’ Sings and Dances Its Way through a Divided Culture.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 23 Sept. 2017,

Culwell-Block, Logan. “KPOP Producers Request Apology from New York Times’ Theatre Critic Jesse Green.” Playbill, 2 Dec. 2022,

Culwell-Block, Logan. “The New York Times Responds to KPOP Review Controversy.” Playbill, 6 Dec. 2022,

Lee, Ashley. “Broadway’s ‘KPOP’ Musical Is Abruptly Closing. What Went Wrong?” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 8 Dec. 2022,

Romano, Aja. “How K-Pop Became a Global Phenomenon.” Vox, Vox, 16 Feb. 2018,

Scott, Marcus. “The Rise and Fall of ‘KPOP’.” AMERICAN THEATRE, 10 Dec. 2022,

Shanfeld, Ethan. “BTS Meal Coming to McDonald’s in May.” Variety, Variety, 20 Apr. 2021,

Episode 53: Henry Irving and Ellen Terry

Barish, Jonas A. The Antitheatrical Prejudice. Univ. of California Press, 1985.

Holroyd, Michael. A Strange Eventful History: The Dramatic Lives of Ellen Terry, Henry Irving, and Their Remarkable Families. Picador, 2010

Kilgarriff, Michael. “Sir Henry Irving – Biography.” The Irving Society, 31 July 2019,

Morley, Sheridan. “Henry Irving and Ellen Terry.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts. Robson Books, London, UK, 2006, pp. 29-30

Vaijayanti, Prasad Mahabal. “Ellen Terry Biography.” Victorian Era,

White, Ellen G. “Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 4.” Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 4 – Ellen G. White Writings,

Episode 52: The Tall Tales of Calamity Jane

Fees, Paul. “Wild West Shows.” Buffalo Bill Center of the West, 12 Aug. 2020,

Herda, D. J. Calamity Jane: The Life and Legend of Martha Jane Cannary. TwoDot, 2018.

Mack, Emily. “Were Calamity Jane and Wild Bill Hickok Really in Love? inside the Wild West Legends’ Relationship.” Wide Open Country, 17 May 2022,

Pickens, Jessica. “Musical Monday: Calamity Jane (1953).” Comet Over Hollywood, 8 Mar. 2021,

Weiser , Kathy. “Calamity Jane – Rowdy Woman of the West.” Legends of America, 1 Nov. 2019,

Episodes 50 & 51: The Marriage of Monroe and Miller, Pts. 1 & 2

Andrews, Suzanna. “Arthur Miller’s Missing Act.” Vanity Fair, 13 Sept. 2007,

Casillo, Charles. Marilyn Monroe: The Private Life of a Public Icon. St. Martin’s Press, 2018.

Cavendish, Richard. “Marilyn Monroe Marries Arthur Miller.” History Today, 6 June 2006,,The%20marriage%20lasted%20five%20years.&text=In%20the%20early%20months%20of,was%20divorcing%20his%20wife%2C%20Mary

Kettler, Sara. “Marilyn Monroe and Arthur Miller Had an Instant Connection, but Quickly Grew Apart Once Married.”, A&E Networks Television, 8 Sept. 2020,,inauguration%20would%20distract%20media%20attention

Ratcliffe, Michael. “Obituary: Arthur Miller.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 12 Feb. 2005,

Episode 49: Play Spotlight – Fuente Ovejuna

Bentley, Eric. Life Is a Dream and Other Spanish Classics. Translated by Roy Campbell, Applause Theatre Book Pub., 1991

“Lope De Vega.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 21 Nov. 2022,

Staff Writer. “Lope De Vega. Fuenteovejuna. Summary.” Spain Then and Now – Spain Then and Now. An Overview of the History, Literature, Architecture, Art and Culture of Spain.,

The Spanish Golden Age: Crash Course Theater #19.” YouTube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 29 Jun. 2018,

Wilson, Edwin, and Alvin Goldfarb. Living Theatre: History of Theatre. 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2012. 

Episode 48: The Strange Ghosts of the Peacock Theatre

Arnold, Catharine. “Members Only: The Life and Times of Paul Raymond by Paul Willetts | Book Review.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 4 Sept. 2010,

Miyoshi, Riki. “A Tale of Two Theatres: Theatrical Rivalry between the King’s Company and the Duke’s Company, 1668-1672.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700, vol. 40, no. 1, 2016, pp. 25–44. JSTOR, Accessed 13 Nov. 2022

“Royalty Folies – London- 1974.” UK Dolphinaria Archive,

Sadler’s Wells – History – Peacock,

Sill, Adrian. “The Shady Old Lady’s Guide to London.” The Peacock’s Flipper Ghost,

Episode 47: Flatulists

Adams, Cecil. “Did a French Vaudeville Star Once Specialize in Trained Flatulence?” The Straight Dope, The Straight Dope, 28 July 2020,

Girod, Landon. “Roland the FARTER, the Life of a Medieval Flatulist.” History Hustle, 7 May 2021,

Hodgins, Paul. “’Can-Can’ Can Do.” Orange County Register, Orange County Register, 8 July 2007,

Lamar, Cyriaque. “Japanese Fart Scrolls Prove That Human Art Peaked Centuries Ago.” Gizmodo, Gizmodo, 20 Feb. 2012,

Otto, Beatrice K. “Fools Are Everywhere: The Court Jester around the World.” University of Chicago Press, 2007

Rodriguez McRobbie, Linda. “The True Story of Roland the Farter, and How the Internet Killed Professional Flatulence.” Atlas Obscura, Atlas Obscura, 15 Dec. 2020,

Wiener, Iris. “The Fartiste.” TheaterMania, 3 Nov. 2011,

Episode 46: Comstockery

Anthony, Dave and Gareth Reynolds. “70 – Obscenity Man Anthony Comstock.” The Dollop, All Things Comedy Network,—obscenity-man-anthony-comstock

Bradford, Wade. “Philosophical Themes of Shaw’s ‘Man and Superman.’” ThoughtCo, ThoughtCo, 7 Aug. 2018,

LaMay, Craig L. “America’s censor: Anthony Comstock and free speech.” Communications and the Law, vol. 19, no. 3, Sept. 1997, pp. 1-59. Gale Academic OneFile, Accessed 28 Sept. 2022.

Leonard, Devin. “The Life and Times of a True American Moral Hysteric.” Literary Hub, 2 May 2016,

Piepenburg, Erik. “From the Archive: The Ruckus over Mrs. Warren.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 1 Oct. 2010,

Shaw, George Bernard. “Bernard Shaw Resents Action of Librarian; Calls ‘American Comstockery’ World’s Standing Joke. an Artist and a Moralist and as Such He Knows Better than Our Library Officials What Is Proper for People to Read.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 26 Sept. 1905,

Shaw, Bernard, et al. Man and Superman, and Three Other Plays. Barnes & Noble Classics, 2004

Staff Writer. “Man and Superman.” Supersummary,

Episode 45: Misguided Advertising

Calvey, Mark. “Wells Fargo Sparks Firestorm over Ads Bashing the Arts.”, 6 Sept. 2016,

Clement, Olivia. “Theatre Community Rallies against Wells Fargo Advertisements.” Playbill, 3 Sept. 2016,

Flitter, Emily. “The Price of Wells Fargo’s Fake Account Scandal Grows by $3 Billion.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 21 Feb. 2020,

Frankel, Daniel. “AT&T Liable for $4B in Deceptive DIRECTV AD Suit, FTC Says.” Fierce Video, 16 Aug. 2017,

Gans, Andrew, and Michael Gioia. “Patti LuPone Makes Passionate Statement Regarding AT&T Football Tweet.” Playbill, 17 Sept. 2015,

Gioia, Michael. “AT&T Advertisements, Promoting Phone Use in the Theatre, Continue; Watch the Video.” Playbill, 21 Sept. 2015,

NEA. “New Report Released on the Economic Impact of the Arts and Cultural Sector.” New Report Released on the Economic Impact of the Arts and Cultural Sector, 30 Mar. 2021,,warehousing%2C%20mining%2C%20and%20agriculture

Staff Writer. “Controversial Wells Fargo Ad Prompts Outrage from Arts Community.” KIRO 7 News Seattle, KIRO 7 News Seattle, 4 Sept. 2016,

Episodes 43 & 44: InEVITAble

Freeman, Hadley. “’Print That!’ Broadway Legend Patti LuPone Sounds Off.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 11 Oct. 2018,

Evans, Greg. “Broadway Extends Audience Mask Mandate through June.” Deadline, Deadline, 20 May 2022,

Green, Jesse. “Let Her Entertain You. Please!” The New York Times, The New York Times, 8 July 2007,

Hamedy, Saba. “Patti LuPone Blasts Broadway Theatergoers for Not Adhering to Mask Policy.”, NBCUniversal News Group, 11 May 2022,

“Harold Prince on Evita.” YouTube, uploaded by Masterworks Broadway, 4 Jan. 2014,

McHugh, Dominic. The Oxford Handbook of Musical Theatre Screen Adaptations. Oxford University Press, 2019.

LuPone, Patti, and Digby Diehl. Patti LuPone: A Memoir. Three River Press, 2010.

Episode 42: Repo! The Genetic Opera Vs. Repo Men

“2002 Stage Play.” Zydrate Archives Wiki,

Alexander, Julia. “Repo! the Genetic Opera Is a Gory, Disturbing, Awful Musical That Defied All Odds.” Polygon, Polygon, 26 Oct. 2016,

Bailey, Jonathan. “Repo: The Plagiarism Opera.” Plagiarism Today, 15 Feb. 2018,

Guerrasio, Jason. “Director Darren Lynn Bousman on Repo! the Genetic Opera: Filmmaker Magazine.” Filmmaker Magazine | Publication with a Focus on Independent Film, Offering Articles, Links, and Resources., 23 Nov. 2013,

Stranahan, Lee. “Repo Men vs. Repo! the Genetic Opera: Behind the Controversy.” HuffPost, HuffPost, 25 May 2011,

Episode 41: Daniel Radcliffe in Equus

Barnes, Clive. “Giddyup!” New York Post, New York Post, 26 Sept. 2008,

Berson, Misha. “Stripped-down ‘Graduate’ Flunks.” The Seattle Times, The Seattle Times Company, 27 Apr. 2005,

Billington, Michael. “Theatre Review: Equus / Gielgud Theatre, London.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 28 Feb. 2007,

Brien, Alan. “Alan Brien Takes an Advance Look at a Frontal Attack on Broadway” Archived June 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. The London Sunday Times, April 28, 1968. Retrieved on July 2, 2008.

Gore-Langton, Robert. “Stars Who Dare to Bare – A History of Nudity in Theatre.”,, 2 Aug. 2017,

Grobar, Matt. “Jesse Williams Talks ‘Take Me out’ Nude Leak: ‘Theater Is a Sacred Space.’” Deadline, Deadline, 14 May 2022,

Hayes, Dade. “Jesse Tyler Ferguson Says ‘Take Me out’ Photo Leak Hasn’t Hurt His Bond with Broadway Audiences: ‘That Was One Person.’” Deadline, Deadline, 13 June 2022,

Lyall, Sarah. “Onstage, Stripped of That Wizardry.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 11 Sept. 2008,

Lyall, Sarah. “The Tale of Harry Potter and the Naked Role.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 7 Mar. 2007,®ion=Footer

Majendie, Paul, and Mirja Spernal. “Potter Star Radcliffe Bares All in ‘Equus.’” Reuters, Thomson Reuters, 27 Feb. 2007,

Morley, Sheridan. “Who Needs Viagra (1998).” Theatre’s Strangest Acts, Robson Books, London, UK, 2006, pp. 190–191

Nathan, John. “Equus, with ‘Harry Potter’ Star Radcliffe, Begins London Previews Feb. 16.” Playbill, 16 Feb. 2007,

Soloski, Alexis. “’Oh! Calcutta!’ at 50: Still Naked after All These Years.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 17 June 2019,

Staff Writer. “Daniel Radcliffe Admits to Having His Bottom Waxed Ahead of Going Nude in Play Equus.” Daily Mail Online, Associated Newspapers, 1 Nov. 2013,

Staff Writer. “Entertainment | Radcliffe to Make Broadway Debut.” BBC News, BBC, 5 Nov. 2007,

Episode 40: Daniel Day-Lewis and Hamlet

Adams, Lee. “Why Daniel Day-Lewis Hasn’t Returned to the Stage since Playing Hamlet.”, SlashFilm, 10 May 2022,

Corliss, Richard. “Cinema: Dashing Daniel.” Time, Time Inc., 21 Mar. 1994,,33009,980338-2,00.html

Franich, Darren. “Daniel Day-Lewis Addresses That ‘Hamlet’ Tale.”, 29 Oct. 2012,,talked%20about%20the%20event%20before

Morley, Sheridan. “Daniel Day-Lewis and Hamlet’s Ghost.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts, Robson Books, London, UK, 2005, pp. 169-171

Staff Writer. “Queen’s Honours: Day-Lewis Receives Knighthood.” BBC News, BBC, 13 June 2014,

Stanford, Peter. “The Interview: Daniel Day-Lewis.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 13 Jan. 2008,

Winter, Jessica. “Daniel Day-Lewis: How the Greatest Living Actor Became Lincoln.” Time, Time, 25 Oct. 2012,

Episode 39: Shakespeare and Starlings in America

Gup, Ted. “100 Years of the Starling.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 1 Sept. 1990,

Marche, Stephen. How Shakespeare Changed Everything. Harper Perennial, 2012.

McCrum, Robert. “Ten Ways in Which Shakespeare Changed the World.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 17 Apr. 2016,

Mirsky, Steve. “Antigravity: Call of the Reviled.” Scientific American, Scientific American, 1 June 2008,’ll%20have,counted%20on%20for%20dramatic%20conflict.)

Reints, Renae. “Throwback Thursday: The Worst Bird Strike in U.S. History.” Boston Magazine, Boston Magazine, 5 Oct. 2017,

Zielinski, Sarah. “The Invasive Species We Can Blame on Shakespeare.”, Smithsonian Institution, 4 Oct. 2011,

Episode 38: Artaud & the Theatre of Cruelty

“Antonin Artaud & the Theatre of Cruelty: Crash Course Theater #43.” YouTube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 19 Jan. 2019,

Artaud, Antonin, and Victor Corti. “The Spurt of Blood.” The Routledge Drama Anthology and Sourcebook: From Modernism to Contemporary Performance, Routledge, New York, NY, 2010, pp. 222–221

Artaud’s Encounter with the Surrealists: Artaud Vs. Breton – interview with Ros Murray. Essential Drama. 2017.

Gerould, Daniel, et al. “Antonin Artaud: The Theatre and Its Double (1938).” Theatre / Theory / Theatre: The Major Critical Texts from Aristotle and Zeami to Soyinka and Havel, Applause, New York, NY, 2003, pp. 433–443

Morris, Blake, and Antonin Artaud. Antonin Artaud. Routledge, 2022.
Sante, Lucy. “Mad as Hell.” Slate Magazine, Slate, 16 Oct. 1996,

Su, Tsu-Chung. “Artaud’s Journey to Mexico and His Portrayals of the Land.” CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 14.5 (2012):

Tripney, Natasha. “Antonin Artaud and the Theatre of Cruelty.” British Library, 7 Sept. 2017,

Wilson, Edwin, and Alvin Goldfarb. “Antonin Artaud.” Living Theatre: History of the Theatre, 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 2012, pp. 376–377.

Episode 36 & 37: Colossal Flops, Pt. 1 & 2

Bineth, Jessica, and Selena Shannon. “Boy Bands and Musicals: The Secret History of Nauru and Its Lost Wealth.” ABC Radio National, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 13 June 2016,

Cavendish, Dominic. “The 10 Worst Musicals of All Time.” The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group, 13 Feb. 2015,

Cormier, Roger. “Presenting ‘Moose Murders’, The ‘Worst Play Ever on Broadway.’” Mental Floss, 19 Feb. 2016,

Finkle, David. “In My Life.” TheaterMania, 20 Oct. 2005,

Hayward, Patrick. “The Musical That Almost Caused an International Incident.” Overtures, 14 July 2020,

“How a Bad Musical (Plus a Whole Bunch of Really Bad Ideas) Bankrupted the World’s Wealthiest Country.” Commonplace Fun Facts, 26 Nov. 2020, Accessed 16 May 2022

Lister, David. “Fertiliser Island Scents Musical Success: First Night: Leonardo.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 3 June 1993,

Lloyd, Matthew. “The Duchess Theatre, Catherine Street, London, WC2.”, Accessed 13 May 2022

Musbach, Julie. “Crisis Averted! the Play That Goes Wrong Extends through January 2019.”,, 11 July 2018,

O’Hanlon, Dom. “Throwback Thursday – The Fields of Ambrosia.” London Theatre, 13 June 2016, Accessed 6 May 2022

Robertson, Campbell. “A Broadway Flop Again Raises Its Antlers.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 21 Apr. 2008,

Simonson, Robert. “In My Life Composer Joseph Brooks Commits Suicide.” Playbill, 22 May 2011,

Episode 34 & 35: Post-Mortem: The Book of Mormon, Pt. 1 & 2

Bamigboye, Baz. “Baz Bamigboye: Book of Mormon Creators Are to Stage a Rethink.” Daily Mail Online, Associated Newspapers, 12 Mar. 2021,

Goodstein, Laurie. “Trying to Relish the Big Time, Even When It Brings a Cringe.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 31 Mar. 2011,

Healy, Patrick. “The Twisty Road to Uganda and Broadway.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 13 May 2011,

Parker, Trey, et al. The Book of Mormon: The Testament of a Broadway Musical. DEY ST., an Imprint of William Morrow Publishers, 2012.

Paulson, Michael. “As Broadway Returns, Shows Rethink and Restage Depictions of Race.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 23 Oct. 2021,

Scribner, Herb. “It’s Time to Talk about Race and ‘The Book of Mormon’ Musical.” Deseret News, Deseret News, 25 July 2020,

Simpson, Janice C. “The Root: Is Broadway’s ‘Book of Mormon’ Offensive?” NPR, NPR, 15 Apr. 2011,

Smith, Robert. “On Broadway, a ‘Mormon’ Swipe at … Everything.” All Things Considered, NPR, 24 Mar. 2011,

“The Publicity Dilemma.”, 9 Mar. 2009,

Episode 33: The Banning of Tartuffe

Casadesus, Laia. “Everything You Need to Know About Moliere.” Bridgeman Images, 4 July 2021,,the%20future%20of%20French%20theater. Accessed 4 Apr. 2022.

Gassner, John. “The ‘Human Comedy’ of Moliere.” Masters of the Dramas, Dover, 1954, pp. 286-300.

Meredith, George: On the Idea of Comedy and of the Uses of the Comic Spirit (1877).

“Moliere – Man of Satire and Many Burials: Crash Course Theatre #21.” YouTube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 13 Jul 2018,

Moliere, and Barrett H Clark. “Preface to Tartuffe.” European Theories of the Drama, Crown, New York, NY, 1965, pp. 112–113.

Slater, Maya. “Introduction.” The Misanthrope, Tartuffe, and Other Plays. OUP Oxford, 2001. EBSCOhost,

Episode 32: Passion Plays in America

Cowper, Heather. “Tips For Seeing The Oberammergau Passion Play 2022.” Heather on Her Travels, 12 Nov. 2020, Accessed 18 Mar. 2022.

Gevik, Brian. “The Black Hills Passion Play – 1939-2008.” South Dakota Public Broadcasting, South Dakota Public Broadcasting, 20 Nov. 2019,

Hesse, Josiah M. “An Atheist Visits the Thorn Passion Play.” Westword, 7 Apr. 2012,

Monk, Charlene Faye, “Passion Plays in the United States: The Contemporary Outdoor Tradition.” (1998). LSU Historical Dissertations and Theses. 6691.

Shapiro, James. “3: The Myths of Oberammergau.” Oberammergau: The Troubling Story of the World’s Most Famous Passion Play, Vintage Books, New York, NY, 2001, pp. 101–104.

Staff Writers. The Great Passion Play,

Stephenson, Kathy. “Manti’s Mormon Miracle Pageant Is Now History. Here Are Five Remembrances of the Show’s 52-Year Run.” The Salt Lake Tribune, 23 June 2019,

Zito, Tom. “The Man Who Plays Christ.” Washington Post, 15 Aug 1978,

Episode 31: Are Vampires Broadway Poison?

Hall, Maggie. “The Vampire Musical: Broadway’s Greatest Money Sucker.” Onstage Blog, 20 Oct. 2020, The Vampire Musical: Broadway’s Greatest Money Sucker. Accessed 14 Mar. 2022. 

Hurwitt, Robert. “The Vampire Lestat Has Settled in San Francisco. and He’s Singing in a New Musical. Quick! Someone Fetch the Garlic and a Wooden Stake!” SFGATE, San Francisco Chronicle, 10 Jan. 2006,

Jordan, Richard. “It’s Scary How Bad at Horror Theatre Is.” The Stage, 1 Nov. 2016,

Murray, Matthew. “Lestat.” Talkin’ Broadway, 26 Apr. 2006,

Phipps, C.T. “Ten Tips for Writing a Vampire Novel.” The United Federation of Charles, 19 June 2016, Accessed 15 Mar. 2022. 

Riedel, Michael. “Hate at 1st Bite: How ‘Vampires’ Got Drained of Its Blood.” New York Post, 13 Dec. 2002,

Simon, John. “Bloody Hell.” New York Magazine, 20 Aug. 2004,

Staff Writers. “Did Lestat Make the Critics Swoon?”, 26 Apr. 2006,

Episode 30: Box Seats

Alexander, Gemma. “There’s a Mystique Surrounding Box Seats. But Are They Really All That? We Find out.” The Seattle Times, The Seattle Times Company, 8 Nov. 2019,

Long, Robert. “The Case for Boxes.” ASTC, 6 Jan. 2019,

Morley, Sheridan. Theatre’s Strangest Acts: Extraordinary but True Tales from the History of Theatre. Robson, 2006.

Stevenson, Cait. Medieval Special Effects. 25 Aug. 2018,

Wilson, Edwin, and Alvin Goldfarb. Living Theatre: History of the Theatre. 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2012.

Episode 27: 3D in the Italian Renaissance

Cartwright, Mark. “Sebastiano Serlio.” World History Encyclopedia, World History Encyclopedia, 17 Nov. 2020,

Giaimo, Cara. “How a 17th-Century Naval Engineer Revolutionized Set Design.” Atlas Obscura, Atlas Obscura, 5 Sept. 2017,

Hudson, Myles. “Fall of Constantinople”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 22 May. 2021,

Motta, Cristina. “Renaissance: The Birth of Perspective.” USEUM,

Rawson, Ben. “Italian Renaissance Scenic Design.” Italian Renaissance Theatre – Home,

Wilson, Edwin, and Alvin Goldfarb. “The Theatre of the Italian Renaissance.” Living Theatre: History of Theatre, 6th ed., McGraw Hill, New York, NY, 2012, pp. 128–155

Episode 26: John Dennis’ Thunder

Eagles, Robin. “The First British Royal Consort: Prince George of Denmark, Duke of Cumberland.” The History of Parliament, The History of Parliament, 5 May 2021,

Fritz, Paul S. “The Trade in Death: The Royal Funerals in England, 1685-1830.” Eighteenth-Century Studies, vol. 15, no. 3, [Johns Hopkins University Press, American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (ASECS)], 1982, pp. 291–316,

Martin, Gary. “’Steal One’s Thunder’ – The Meaning and Origin of This Phrase.” Phrasefinder,

Meier, Allison. “A Theater’s 18th-Century Thunder Run Rumbles Once More.” Hyperallergic, 8 Mar. 2016,

Quinion, Michael. “Steal One’s Thunder.” World Wide Words, 22 Jan. 2000,

Shelton, Denise. “A Life in Mourning: The Tragic Tale of Queen Anne.” Medium, History of Yesterday, 10 Aug. 2021,

Staff Writer. “Queen Anne: The Real Story of a Forgotten Queen Who Changed Britain.” Historic Royal Palaces,

“The History and Science of Sound.” TSDCA,

“The Surprisingly Literal Origin of Stealing Someone’s Thunder – BBC Reel.” YouTube, uploaded by BBC Reel, 22 Jun 2020,

Episode 25: The Bottled Spider

Brantley, Ben. “No Matter the Role, Antony Sher Made Soaring Seem Possible …” The New York Times, 6 Dec. 2021,

Ceresano, S.P. “Churls Just Wanna Have Fun.” Shakespeare Quarterly , 1985, Vol. 36, No. 5, Special Issue: Reviewing Shakespeare (1985), pp. 618-629,

Coveney, Michael. “Sir Antony Sher Obituary.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 3 Dec. 2021,

Kilgariff, Karen and Georgia Hardstark. “Episode 299: London & England.” My Favorite Murder, Exactly Right, 2021 Nov. 4,

Minton, Eric. “The Top 40.” Eric Minton’s Top 40 Shakespeareances,

King, Turi. “How Close Was Shakespeare’s Portrayal of Richard III?”, 2 Nov. 2016,

Nathan, John. “Sir Antony Sher: Brave, Generous and Supremely Talented.”, 4 Dec. 2021,

Rich, Frank. “Stage: London Quartet of Shakespeare Royalty.”, 26 June 1985, Accessed 10 Dec. 2021

“Richard III.” Shakespeare Uncovered. Series 3, Episode 6. PBS, 2018

Sher, Antony. “Year of the King: An Actor’s Diary and Sketchbook.” Chatto & Windus, 1985

Staff Writer. “Shakespeare’s Villains – Richard III.” Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, 21 July 2011,

Episode 24: Is Nothing Sacred?

Amable, Jody. “12 Classic Musicals, Ranked by Degrees of Sexism.” Ravishly, 20 Dec. 2014,

Caggiano, Chris. “20 Underrated Musicals to Check out Now.” LiveAbout, LiveAbout, 12 Dec. 2019,

Martin, AnnaRae. “Six Perfect Introductory Musicals for Kids.” OnStage Blog, OnStage Blog, 28 Oct. 2021,

“Recently Banned and Challenged Plays.” Recently Banned and Challenged Plays – EdTA – Educational Theatre Association,

Scott, Phaedra. “With School Shootings and Trump on TV, What’s Appropriate for Children’s Theater in 2018?” With School Shootings And Trump On TV, What’s Appropriate For Children’s Theater In 2018? | WBUR News, WBUR, 24 Apr. 2018,

Episode 23: Lone Star Love

Berson, Misha. “‘Lone Star’ Ends with Quaid, Director Telling Different Stories.” The Seattle Times, The Seattle Times Company, 3 Oct. 2007,

Birnbach, Lisa. “A Not-so-Merry Mix: Shakespeare, Bluegrass and Randy Quaid …” The New York Times, 29 Oct. 2020,

Gans, Andrew, and Ernio Hernandez. “Love Gone Wrong: Lone Star Love Cancels Broadway Engagement.” Playbill, PLAYBILL INC., 24 Sept. 2007,

Hetrick, Adam. “Lone Star Love’s Trail to Broadway Was Slower than Expected, but the Wait Built Character.” Playbill, 23 Aug. 2007,

Horwitch, Lauren. “’Lone Star’ Actor ‘Banned’ Union—or the Other Way around?”, 21 Mar. 2008,

“In Rehearsal: Lone Star Love Sets the Bard in Texas.” YouTube, Broadwaycom, 11 Feb 2011,

Jamieson, Lee. “The Character Analysis of Sir John Falstaff.” ThoughtCo, ThoughtCo, 2 May 2019,

“Randy Quaid claims to be a victim of ‘Holly Wood Star Whackers.'” YouTube, BullyingNewsVideos, 6 Feb 2011,

Riedel, Michael. “Union Bans, Fines Quaid.” New York Post, New York Post, 6 Feb. 2008,

Sales, Nancy Jo. “The Quaid Conspiracy.” Vanity Fair, 1 Dec. 2010,

Staff Writer. “Sir John Falstaff.” No Sweat Shakespeare, 29 June 2020,

Vlessing, Etan. “Critic Calls Randy Quaid’s Star Whackers Film ‘Drugged-out Dreck’.” The Hollywood Reporter, The Hollywood Reporter, 23 Apr. 2011,

“WTF Happened to Randy Quaid?” YouTube, JoBlo Videos, 3 Feb 2020,

Episode 22: Theatre Superstitions

Amorim, José Amorim. “The Usage of Green in Theater and Cinema: A Cursed Colour!: Luxury Activist.” Luxury Activist, 6 June 2021,

Bonanni, Marc. “9 Theatre Superstitions Explained.” Theatre Nerds, 23 Feb. 2017,

Buck, Stephanie. “The Mysterious Death of ‘The Most Beautiful Woman on Earth’.” Medium, Timeline, 28 Oct. 2016,

Clear, Marty. “Be Careful When Saying ‘Good Luck’ to a Performing Artist.” Bradenton, 14 Mar. 2019,

Dagnall, Neil, and Ken Drinkwater. “The Science of Superstition – and Why People Believe in the Unbelievable.” The Conversation, 25 Aug. 2021,

Gardner, Ashleigh. “10 Theatre Superstitions (and Where They Come from).” PerformerStuff, 8 Aug. 2016,

Holmes, Rachel. “Why Blue Is the Costliest Colour.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 17 Apr. 2015,

Patterson, Lisa Lacroce. “Hemp Houses: Know the Ropes.” AMERICAN THEATRE, 19 Dec. 2017,

Paul, Kelly. “Theatre Occupational Superstition: Peacock Feathers on Stage.” USC Digital Folklore Archives, 16 May 2012,

Robinson, Mark A. “13 Theatrical Superstitions – Summarized by Content: Summarization.” Broadway Direct, 26 Oct. 2020,

“S5EP2: 13 THEATRE SUPERSTITIONS & SCARY STORIES.” YouTube, The Actors Channel, 11 Oct. 2021,

“Seven Theatrical Superstitions And Where They Really Come From!” YouTube, The History Lord, 15 June 2020,

“The psychology of superstition, with Dr. Stuart Vyse, PhD” YouTube, American Psychological Association, 11 Aug. 2021,

“Why Are Peacock Feathers Bad Luck?” Reference, IAC Publishing, 26 Mar. 2020,

Episode 20: Private Lives 1983

Bertram, Colin. “Inside Debbie Reynolds, Eddie Fisher and Elizabeth Taylor’s Notorious Love Triangle.”, A&E Networks Television, 25 June 2020,

Brenner, Marie. “Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton Reunite Onstage in ‘Private Lives’ — New York Magazine – Nymag.” New York Magazine, New York Magazine, 10 Sept. 2008,

“Broadway History – The Lunt-Fontanne Theatre.” YouTube. SpotlightOnBroadway, 29 Oct. 2018,

“Elizabeth Taylor.”, A&E Networks Television, 2 Apr. 2014,

Kamp, David. “When Liz Met Dick: The Making of Cleopatra.” Vanity Fair, 22 Mar. 2011,

Kettler, Sara. “Elizabeth Taylor Was ‘Still Madly in Love’ with Ex Richard Burton When He Died.”, A&E Networks Television, 29 Aug. 2019,

Ng, David. “Revisiting ‘Private Lives’ with Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 13 Feb. 2013,

Rich, Frank. “Theater: ‘Private Lives,’ Burton and Miss Taylor.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 9 May 1983,

Stoddard, Katy. “From the Archive: Burton and Taylor, Private Lives Played out in Public.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 22 July 2013,

“The Richard Burton Diaries – 2012 (Documentary).” YouTube.  The World of Richard Burton, 21 Jun 2014,

Episode 19: Rebecca – The Musical

Caruso, David B. “‘Rebecca’ Producer Claims Fraud over FAKE INVESTOR.” NBC New York, NBC New York, 5 Oct. 2012,

“Former Businessman Sentenced in Manhattan Federal Court to 34 Months in Prison for Fraud in Connection with the Financing Of ‘Rebecca – The Musical.’” The United States Department of Justice, 15 May 2015,

Gerard, Jeremy. “’Rebecca’ Jury Delivers Mixed Verdict on Press AGENT, Finding ‘Interference’ but No Defamation in DOOMED $12M SHOW.” Deadline, Deadline, 11 May 2017,

Gordon, David. “Rebecca Musical Will Not Open on Broadway.” TheaterMania, 24 Apr. 2017,

Jones, Kenneth. “Rebecca Will Not Open on Broadway This Fall; Producers Claim INVESTOR Scared Away by ‘Lies’.” Playbill, PLAYBILL INC., 30 Sept. 2012,

Jones, Kenneth. “Rebecca Troupers Told First Rehearsal Is Oct. 1.” Playbill, PLAYBILL INC., 27 Sept. 2012,

Kamp, David. “How Rebecca, BROADWAY’S Hot Mess of a Musical, Managed One Day of Rehearsal.” Vanity Fair, Vanity Fair, 17 May 2013,

Rashbaum, William K., and Patrick Healy. “Middleman in Financing of ‘REBECCA’ Is Arrested on Federal Fraud Charges.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 15 Oct. 2012,

“Rebecca musical – Rebecca (English).” YouTube. doki395, 06 Sept. 2019,

Staff, Playbill. “Inside One Of BROADWAY’S Biggest Scandals – How Rebecca the Musical Made Headlines without Even Opening (Yet…).” Playbill, 18 May 2015,

Valiquette, Joe. “Ben SPRECHER, Notorious Broadway Producer WITH Scandal-Scarred Past, Arrested on Federal Child Pornography Charges: Sources.” NBC New York, NBC New York, 13 Aug. 2019,

Episodes 17 &18: The Trials of Oscar Wilde, Parts I & II

“3767 13 The Three Trials of Oscar Wilde.” YouTube. The Great Trials of World History, 25 Sept. 2019,

Bertram, Colin. “How Oscar WILDE’S Libel Trial Backfired and Ruined His Life.”, A&E Networks Television, 15 July 2020,

Butler, Rhett. “What Exactly Are The Queensbury Rules Of Boxing?” The Shadow League, 26 Aug. 2017,

Dryden, Steven. “A Short History of LGBT Rights in the UK.” British Library,

“Oscar Wilde.”, A&E Networks Television, 14 Apr. 2021,

Popova, Maria. “Oscar Wilde’s STIRRING Love Letters to Lord Alfred ‘Bosie’ Douglas.” Brain Pickings, 16 Oct. 2015,

Popova, Maria. “The Tragic and Scandalous Life of Mrs. Oscar Wilde.” Brain Pickings, 18 Sept. 2015,

Seymour, Miranda. “Constance: The Tragic and Scandalous Life of Mrs Oscar Wilde by Franny Moyle – Review.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 24 June 2011,

Episode 16: The Stunts of David Merrick

Bonanni, Marc. “David Merrick and the Art of the Publicity Stunt.” Theatre Nerds, 9 Mar. 2017,

“David Merrick.” The Official Masterworks Broadway Site, 25 Feb. 2015,

Kissel, Howard. David Merrick, the Abominable SHOWMAN: The Unauthorized Biography. Applause, 1993.

Mroczka, Paul. “David MERRICK: NY PRODUCER, SHOWMAN, Publicity STUNT Creator: Broadway Scene.” Broadway Scene | Provided by All Tickets Inc., 15 Dec. 2013,

Rich, Frank. “David Merrick, 88, Showman Who Ruled Broadway, Dies.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 27 Apr. 2000,

Episode 15: Dansemania

Carollo, Kim. “Ancient Dancing Outbreak Believed to Be a Case of Social Contagion.” ABC News, ABC News Network, 25 June 2011,

Dubin, William. “Intentional Trance Formation.” Mental Help Intentional Trance Formation Comments,

Eftychiadis, A C, and T S N Chen. “Saint Vitus and His Dance.” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 1 Jan. 2001,

Ehrenwald, Jan. The History of Psychotherapy: from Healing Magic to Encounter. J. Aronson, 1976.

Okun, Michael. “Sydenham’s Chorea.” Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,

“Sydenham Chorea / St. Vitus Dance in a 13 year old. Silent.” YouTube, uploaded by Pika Grape Snack, 13 Aug 2020.

Waller, John. “Keep on Moving: the Bizarre Dance Epidemic of Summer 1518.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 5 July 2018,

Waller, John. The Dancing Plague: the Strange, True Story of an Extraordinary Illness. Sourcebooks, 2009.

Episode 14: Can Seymour Be Hot?

CampYATC. “Suddenly… Hunky? Should Jeremy Jordan and Jonathan Groff Play Seymour in Little Shop of Horrors?” Camp YATC,18 Feb. 2020,

“Dear Evan Hansen – Official Trailer [HD]” YouTube, 18 May 2021,

Medeiros, Linnae. “Jeremy Jordan Responds to Criticism That He’s ‘Too Hot’ to Play Seymour in Little Shop of Horrors.”,6 Feb. 2020,

Kakutani, Michiko. “When Great Actors Put Their Stamp on a Roll.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 20 May 1984,

Schwedel, Heather. “Hunky Actors Have No Business Playing Seymour in Little Shop of Horrors.” Slate Magazine, Slate, 5 Feb. 2020,

Viruet, Pilot. “Love and the History of TV’s Attractiveness Gap.” Vulture, 22 Feb. 2016,

Episode 13: William Terriss

Darby, Nell. “Murder at the Adelphi.” Dr Nell Darby, 15 Dec. 2017,

Gillian, Don. “The Murder of William Terriss.” Stage Beauty,

Goodman, Sheldon K. “The Life and Death of William Terriss.” Cemetery Club, 19 Nov. 2020,

JellyBean. “The Ghost of Covent Garden Tube Station.” Level Beyond, 24 Sept. 2008,

Jones, Richard. “The Murder of William Terriss.” The Murder of William Terriss – 16th December 1897, 13 Dec. 2016,

Lotha , Gloria, and John M. Cunningham. “William Terriss.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 16 Feb. 2021,

Roettgers, Philipp. “William Terriss – The Ghost of a Murdered Actor.” London beyond Time and Place, 24 Apr. 2021,

“The Haunting of Covent Garden Station.” YouTube, Curious World, 25 May 2017,

“The Rise of Melodrama: Crash Course Theatre #28.” Youtube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 7 Sept. 2018,

“William Terriss (Ghost).” ParanormalFact Wiki,

Episode 12: Phallus

Chrystal, Paul. “A Brief History of Sex and Sexuality in Ancient Greece.” HistoryExtra, 26 Nov. 2020,

Csapo, Eric. “Riding the Phallus for Dionysus: Iconology, Ritual, and Gender-Role De/Construction.” Phoenix, vol. 51, no. 3/4, 1997, p. 253., doi:10.2307/1192539. 

Kreps, David. “The Phallus in Ancient Greece – A Long Read.” David Kreps Blog, 12 Mar. 2016,

“(NSFW) A Not So Clean Monday at The Annual Phallus Festival in Greece.” The Greek News Network, 19 Feb. 2018,

Roberts, CJD (Jim). Satyr Play, 5 Nov. 2015,

Rowe, Philip. “22 – The Satyr Play: Just for Laughs?” The History of European Theatre, 24 Sept. 2020,

Episode 11: The Rites of Dionysus

“Dionysus • Facts and Information on Greek God Dionysus.” Greek Gods & Goddesses, 19 Oct. 2019,

“Dionysus.” Mystery Cults of the Ancient World, by Hugh Bowden, Princeton University Press, 2010. 

Edwards, Eric. “Maenads and Bacchantes.” Eric Edwards Collected Works, 14 Mar. 2015,

Handelman, Don “Designs of Ritual: The City Dionysia of Fifth-Century Athens.” Celebrations: Sanctuaries and the Vestiges of Cult Activity, ed. Michael Wedde, G. Medialog, 2004. 

McIntosh, Matthew A. “Maenads: The ‘Raving Ones’ of the Ancient Greek Bacchanalia.” Brewminate, 25 Nov. 2019,

Oracle. “Dionysus and The Sacred Bull.” The Cave of Oracle, 13 Feb. 2014,

RedEyesTakeWarning. “Miscellaneous Myths: Dionysus.” YouTube, Overly Sarcastic Productions, 15 June 2018,

The City Dionysia,

“The Greeks.” Theatre’s Strangest Acts: Extraordinary but True Tales from the History of Theatre, by Sheridan Morley, Robson, 2006. 

Episodes 9 & 10: Post-Mortem – Turn Off the Dark, Parts I & II

Barber, Nicholas. “How a Spider-Man Musical Became a Theatrical Disaster.” BBC Culture, BBC, 25 Nov. 2020,

Berger, Glen. Song of Spider-Man: The Inside Story of the Most Controversial Musical in Broadway History. Simon & Schuster, 2014.

Freeman, Hadley. Alan Cumming: King of Off-Message. 24 Jan. 2011,

Healy, Patrick. Injured ‘Spider-Man’ Dancer Discusses His Lawsuit. 26 Feb. 2014.

Healy, Patrick. Precipitous Fall for Spider-Man Director. 9 Mar. 2011.

Healy, Patrick. Costly ‘Spider-Man’ Can’t Get off the Ground. 5 Nov. 2010,

Hetrick, Adam. “Troubled Spider-Man Turn Off the Dark Delays Broadway Opening Again.” Playbill, PLAYBILL INC., 14 Jan. 2011,

Henderson, Brendon. “Spider-Man Turn off the Dark: The Chaotic History (WitW: S1E1).” YouTube, Wait in the Wings, 10 Apr. 2019,

Jones, Jennifer. “The Foxwoods Theatre Changes Its Name Again, Back To The Lyric Theatre.” NYTIX, 13 Mar. 2014,

Riedel, Michael. “Broadway Bombshell.” New York Post, New York Post, 30 May 2010,

Riesman, Abraham. The Making of Superman’s Brief Flight on Broadway. 10 Aug. 2020,

Episode 8: The Incident at Astor Place

Anthony, Dave, and Gareth Reynolds. “116 – The Actor Rivalry.” The Dollop, All Things Comedy Network, 19 Sept. 2015,—the-actor-rivalry-1/page/8.

“The Astor Place Riot.” Showtime: a History of the Broadway Musical Theater, by Larry Stempel, W.W. Norton, 2010, pp. 27–35.

Williams, Joseph. “One Of New York City’s Deadliest Riots Was Sparked By A Performance Of ‘Macbeth’.” All That’s Interesting, 1 Dec. 2019,

Episode 7: The Quarrel of Le Cid

“1610: Francois Ravaillac, Because Paris Was Worth More than a Mass.” ” Francois Ravaillac, 27 May 2008,

“Analysis of Pierre Corneille’s Le Cid – Literary Theory and Criticism.” Literary Theory and Criticism, 18 Sept. 2020,

Gerould, Daniel Charles. Theatre, Theory, Theatre: the Major Critical Texts from Aristotle and Zeami to Soyinka and Havel. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books, 2000.

Horne, Alistair. Seven Ages of Paris. Vintage Books, 2004

Petruzzello, Melissa. “Edict of Nantes.” Britannica, 8 Apr. 2020,

“Rules, Rule-Breaking and French Neoclassicism: Crash Course Theatre #20.” Youtube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 6 Jul. 2018,

Episode 6: Laura Keene:

“A Night with Laura Keene.” Smithsonian Civil War: Inside the National Collection, by Neil Kagan and Stephen G. Hyslop, Smithsonian Books, 2013.

Anthony, Dave, Gareth Reynolds with guest Patton Oswalt. “Boston Corbett.” The Dollop, Apple Podcasts, 23 Sept. 2015, All Things Comedy Network,—boston-corbett—live-with-patton-oswalt

Laura Keene. (2014, April 17). Retrieved March 12, 2021, from

McCarthy, Maureen. “Laura Keene.” Lighting the Way, Historic Women of the SouthCoast, 13 Feb. 2020,

Mead, Amanda V., and Rita Vigil. “THEATRE MANAGER & ACTIVIST: Laura Keene & Rigoberto Menchú Tum.” I Don’t Know Her, Apple Podcasts, 25 Nov. 2019,

O’Reilly, Bill, and Martin Dugard. Killing Lincoln: the Shocking Assassination That Changed America. Henry Holt and Co., 2011.

Steers, Edward. Blood on the Moon. University Press of Kentucky, 2005.

Episode 5: Secrets

Cepek, R. (2014). Stages of Belief: The Nature of Audience Response in Medieval and Early Modern Drama (Doctoral dissertation, Duquesne University). Retrieved from

Harris, John Wesley. Medieval Theatre in Context: an Introduction. Routledge, 2005

Hudson, Mariella. “10 Historic Moments on the London Stage Which Shaped British Theatre.” Culture Trip, The Culture Trip, 13 Apr. 2015,

Johnston, Ruth. “Staging Plays on the Continent: Special Effects.” All Things Medieval, 7 Oct. 2020,

Macdonald, Fiona. “Medieval Towns.” Everyday Life: the Middle Ages. Macdonald Educational, 1984.

Stevenson, Cait. Medieval Special Effects. 25 Aug. 2018,

Episode 4: The Era of -Isms

Apollinaire, Guillaume. The Breasts of Tiresias; a Surrealist Drama.

“Dada, Surrealism, and Symbolism: Crash Course Theatre #37.” Youtube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 23 Nov. 2018,

“Futurism Movement Overview.” The Art Story,

Richter, Hans. DADA: Art and Anti-Art. Thames and Hudson, 2016.

Shattuck, Roger. The Banquet Years: the Origins of the Avant Garde in France, 1885 to 1918. Anchor Books, 1961.

Wilson, Edwin, and Alvin Goldfarb. Living Theatre: History of Theatre. 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2012.

Episode 3: The Deuce

Arnold, Martin. “Most Times Square Prostitutes Staying Off Street to Avoid Arrest.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 9 July 1971,

Carlson, Jen. “A Look Back At The Real Deuce: Times Square In The 1970s.” Gothamist, Gothamist, 8 Sept. 2017,

Maslon, Laurence, and Michael Kantor. Broadway: the American Musical. Bulfinch Press, 2004.

Landis, Bill, and Michelle Clifford. Sleazoid Express: a Mind-Twisting Tour through the Grindhouse Cinema of Times Square. Simon & Schuster, 2002.

Marton, Janos. “Today in NYC History: Times Square Turns the Corner in 1981.” Untapped New York, 9 May 2018,

Phillips, Mccandlish. “Chorus Getting Louder: ‘Clean Up Times Square’.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 17 July 1972,

Young, Greg, and Tom Myers. “Times Square in the 1970s: Grindhouses, Peep Shows and XXX Neon Nostalgia.” The Bowery Boys: New York City History, 8 Sept. 2017,

Episode 2: The Authorship Question

Flynn, Derek. “Christopher Marlowe: the Elizabethan James Bond.” The Irish Times, The Irish Times, 6 June 2016, 

Greenblatt, Stephen. How Shakespeare Became Shakespeare. Bodley Head, 2014. 

McCrum, Robert. “Who Really Wrote Shakespeare?” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 14 Mar. 2010, 

Michel, Lincoln. “Inside the Weird World of Shakespeare Conspiracy Theories.” InsideHook, 29 Aug. 2019, 

Rettino, Matthew. “Christopher Marlowe : An Elizabethan Assassination Conspiracy?” Archaeologists of the Weird, 24 Mar. 2013, 

Rose, Lloyd. “Who Wrote Shakespeare? Author James Shapiro Offers an Answer.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 6 June 2010, 

Episode 1: The Consequences of the Inter Regnum

Clark, George N. The Later Stuarts: 1660-1714. Clarendon Pr., 1988. 

Fraser, Antonia. Cromwell: The Lord Protector. Plume, 1986.

Hutton, Ronald. Charles the Second, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Oxford University Press, 1991. 

Jordan, Don, and Mike Walsh. The King’s Bed: Sex and Power in the Court of Charles II. Pegasus Books, 2016.